Are you still blindly infusion?
The three major dangers of indiscriminate infusion are you still blindly infusion? Do you know that blind infusion has some kind of harm?
Many patients who have had a stroke have often worried that the disease will recur after the operation. Every year, they go to the hospital to drip the blood vessels.
But in fact, the infusion can never evacuate the heart and brain, and the infusion is harmful to the body. The following experts explain the three major hazards of blind infusion.
Hazard 1: People with high incidence of adverse reactions always think that infusion is the most trouble-free and safest, but there is little concern about the safety of infusion.
The survey found that more than 95% of people do not know the harm of infusion and unsafe injection, more than 70% of the infusion is the expected infusion.
According to the 2012 annual report on adverse drug reaction monitoring released by the State Food and Drug Administration, the adverse reactions caused by intravenous injection accounted for 56.
7%, China Safe Injection Alliance counts more than 390,000 deaths each year due to unsafe injections.
Analysis: Oral drugs are absorbed through the stomach, filtering out unwanted or harmful substances from the body before they enter the liver.
After this process, the blood concentration is lowered, and the slenderness reduces the incidence of adverse reactions such as allergic reactions.
Intravenous infusion, oral, subcutaneous injection, intramuscular injection, etc., the drug does not pass through the natural barrier of the human body and directly enters the blood circulation, the benefits are more direct and repeated, but the incidence of adverse reactions such as allergic reactions is relatively higher, and is more likely to occur.Skeptical.
After the drug is taken orally, there is an absorption process in the human body, and the stomach can be washed when an adverse reaction occurs; the subcutaneous, intramuscular injection of the drug also needs to be injected, thus creating conditions for the first aid; and the drug directly enters the blood circulation during infusion, the bodyThe drug concentration instantly reaches toxicity, and adverse reactions occur immediately and are dangerous.
Harmful 2: Because the smallest capillaries in the human body are only 4 in diameter?
7um, often more than 4um of particles in the infusion concentration solution in the heart, lung, kidney, liver, muscle, skin and other capillaries, will lead to microvascular thrombosis, increased bleeding and venous pressure, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary fibrosis and cancer.
Microparticles may cause localized blood supply, tissue size, hypoxia, edema and inflammation, allergies, granuloma, etc.
Clinical application found that many traditional Chinese medicine preparations have large differences in preparation process, complex composition, many natural natural macromolecular substances, and different solubility of various parts of traditional Chinese medicine, it is easy to form insoluble particles, and multiple capillaries cause hypersensitivity reaction.
Analysis: Any good quality injections do not meet the ideal “zero particle” standard.
Infusion microparticles refer to tiny particle impurities contaminated by various routes during the production or use of the injection. The length is 1?
50um, is a non-metabolic harmful particle that is invisible to the naked eye and is easy to move. This is also the biggest risk factor for intravenous infusion.
The particles in the infusion have dust particles that enter the infusion with the air, cut the glass swarf generated by the sieving, the particles carried by the infusion device, the activated carbon granules added during the production process, and the crystallization of the drug.
A hospital in Beijing checked the “suspension bottle” and found that 2 ml of penicillin can be checked by adding 50% glucose solution.
There are 542 16 micron particles.
1 ml of liquid contains a lot of multi-particles, and there will be 200,000 particles in the 500 ml solution.
Hazard 3: If the infection is not strict, the operation is not standardized, the infusion contamination, etc., can cause cross infection.
Millions of patients worldwide are hospitalized every year, and tens of thousands of people are killed.
Clinically, the more drugs added to the “suspension bottle”, the more toxic and side effects, and the sharp increase in particles.
If you use 7 kinds of drugs in the “suspension bottle”, the side effects will increase by more than 50%.
Some drugs may not be properly combined, and chemical reactive precipitation may occur when entering the blood vessels.
For example, ampicillin in combination with norepinephrine can present a brown precipitate; if a large amount of vitamin C is infused, a poisoning reaction can occur.
Analyze: Intravenous infections include catheter-related infections, such as puncture sites or bloodstream infections associated with catheters, infections or contamination associated with infusion catheters.
Cross-infection occurs when the infusion set, the input liquid, the skin of the infusion site, and the nurse’s hand are contaminated.