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[Can virgin olive oil be stir-fried]_Action_Benefits
The use of olives is very extensive, because many olives can be eaten as a fruit, it can also be made into candied fruit as a snack.
It is particularly important that olives contain a large amount of oily substances. In fact, olives can also be squeezed into olive oil. Olive oil can be used for cooking and beauty.
However, some oils will be converted into trans fatty acids after heating. Can virgin olive oil be used for cooking?
In fact, the main argument about whether the olive oil brand can be heated is due to monounsaturated fatty acids.
In fact, those who said this did not understand the chemistry behind it.
When oleic acid is subjected to high heat, through the extension of time, more and more trans oleic acid will be generated.
However, trans fatty acids are not the only ones caused by hydrogenated vegetable oils.
As long as it is an oil containing unsaturated fatty acids, cis-trans isomers can theoretically occur after heating to form trans fatty acids.
Moreover, trans fatty acids are not the most terrible dangerous substances produced by heating oils and fats.
There are many worse than it. It may be said that fatty acids containing multiple double bonds are particularly susceptible to cyclization reactions, oxidative polymerization reactions, and thermal decomposition products of fats after heating.
These products are more toxic than trans fatty acids.
As the saying goes, “Flies don’t sting seamless eggs.”
The double bonds above fatty acids, or unsaturated bonds, are like “cracks” one by one, they will cause molecules to bend, it is easy for oxygen to invade, and it is prone to polymerization.
First, the more double bonds there are in a molecular weight molecule, the lower its oxidative stability and the worse its thermal stability.
In the case of heating, the rate of oxidation is reduced.
The content of monounsaturated fatty acids in olive oil has the absolute advantage, and of course, there is only one “slit” in its molecule.
Soybean oil is the most linoleic acid with two double bonds, the content is more than 50%, and there are even multiple linolenic acids with three double bonds, so its heat resistance is not as good as olive oil.
The fatty acid composition of corn oil and soybean oil is quite similar, safflower oil, grape seed oil and other linoleic acid content is higher, up to more than 70%.
Linseed oils such as α-linolenic acid, perilla seed oil, and walnut oil containing arachidonic acid in addition to alkyl linoleic acid, because of the fatty acid ratio of 3-4 double bondsCracks, especially “delicate”, are extremely prone to oxidation and polymerization, and are not suitable for heating.
It is pointed out that peanut oil and rice bran oil are slightly “skinned”, and their saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids are relatively balanced.
Saturated fatty acids do not contain double bonds. Unless continuously heated at high temperatures, oxygen is “seamless and drillable” and has relatively good heat resistance.
Therefore, the increased the content of saturated fatty acids in fats, the more suitable it is for frying.
Instant noodle factories and fast food restaurants like to use palm oil to deep-fried foods. It is precisely because palm oil contains nearly half of saturated fatty acids and the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids is very low.
For the past several hundred years, people have been using deep-saturated fatty acids such as lard, butter, nuts, etc. to deep-fried foods, and this is exactly the reason.
These fried foods are not easy to discolor and have a crispy taste.
Among the oils with higher saturated fatty acids, olive oil is relatively “skinny”.
Non-virgin olive oil, yellow olive oil, is very suitable for making all kinds of ordinary stir-fried vegetables, and its stability is stronger than soybean oil.
However, virgin olive oil has not been refined. There are many free fatty acids, and its color is yellow-green. Among them, chlorophyll is a light-sensitive substance that promotes oxidation. Therefore, it is not suitable for high temperature and heating.Slightly heated gradient.
Besides, the special olive fragrance will also be lost by heating, just as fragrant oil will waste its aroma when used for cooking.
Actually, it’s not that olive oil can’t be used for cooking. It just means that any oils and fats are not good at high temperature, and imported olive oil brands are relatively better from the point of smoke.
Depth * Company * Fenghuo Communication (600498): High R & D and perfect 5G layout in the first quarter with performance in line with expectations
The company released the first quarter performance report, reporting a series of realized operating income.
810,000 yuan,淡水桑拿网 an increase of 14 in ten years.
90%; net profit attributable to mother is 1.
67 ppm, an increase of 19 per year.
Highlights of the support level The first quarter results were in line with expectations and management efficiency continued to improve.
The company’s revenue and profit increased in the first quarter, increasing by 14 respectively.
90% and 19.
71%, the performance is stable and progress, the overall situation is in line with expectations, and various businesses are also implemented smoothly.
In the first quarter, the company’s three fees generally showed a downward trend, and administrative expenses decreased by 84.
67%, the refined control is quite effective, and the operating efficiency continues to improve.
Net cash flow from operating activities of the company-17.
20,000 yuan, an increase of 41 in ten years.
41%, the recovery situation improved.
With the development of accompanying business, the company is expected to continue the growth trend of performance.
The demand for network security has expanded, and the sky has ushered in a peak in data construction.
In the long term, the country has continued to increase its network security management and control, and the information security needs of key industries such as communications, finance, and energy have continued to grow.
As a trump company in the field of network information security, the subsidiary Benevolent Star has mature network security business layout and long-term agency cooperation experience. Its special police equipment has widely replaced the public security and military fields.
The network security big data platform has been deployed in more than 300 points across the country, and the Beacon Public Opinion Network can provide military opinion departments with public opinion inspection, forecasting, and reporting services.
At the same time, the company will also deepen its network security products into the civilian sector, help enterprises develop informatization, and explore new growth points for their business.
High research and development and perfect 5G layout, grasp the core driver of future development.
Facing the possibility of a 5G construction window, the company expanded R & D investment, and the R & D expenses reached 5 in the first quarter.
800,000 yuan, an increase of 9 in ten years.
73%, improving the competitiveness of 5G core technologies.
The company integrates a complete 5G bearer network solution, successfully covering key areas such as slicing networking, optical transmission networks, and leading optical fiber and cable technology, and has been certified by the top telecommunication equipment testing agency Telcordia.
At the same time, the company publicly issued convertible bonds30.
US $ 8.8 billion for R & D and industrialization 合肥夜网of fiber optic chips, fiber extension rods, and continuous broadband access equipment.
With its strategic layout in the field of 5G and optical communications, it is expected to inject growth momentum into the company’s future earnings.
We estimate that our EPS forecast for 2019-2021 is 0.
26 yuan, corresponding to a price-earnings ratio of 33.
5 times, 28.
0 times, 23.
0x, maintain BUY rating.
The main risks faced by the rating are lower than expected investment by operators, technical risks, market competition risks, etc.
Kodali (002850): Gross profit margin continues to hit new highs and profitability continues to improve
Event: The company achieved operating income in the first three quarters of 2019 * 17.0 million yuan, an increase of 26 in ten years.34%; Net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies1.470,000 yuan, an increase of 234 in ten years.74%.Among them, the third quarter achieved revenue of 5.27 ppm, 10-year average3.43%, net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies is 6,631.790,000 yuan, an annual increase of 209.29%. Comments: 1) The main business continued to pick up, and profitability was fully reflected.The company achieved revenue in Q3 20195.At 2.7 billion, the proportion of lithium battery structural components continued to increase, exceeding 90%.Subject to the impact of the industry’s sharp quarterly growth in the third quarter, the company’s Q3 revenue declined slightly, but the company’s integrated capacity and efficiency increased, and its gross profit margin continued to increase, reaching Q28 in 2019.8%, an increase of 0 from the previous month.8 points. The company’s automotive structural parts subsidiary and the termination of the automotive structural parts factory construction will focus on the 杭州夜网 lithium battery structural parts business in the future. 2) The production capacity was accelerated and improved, and the leader was further consolidated.At present, the company’s construction capacity will increase the company’s sales revenue by more than 2 billion after the production capacity is reached.The perfect production capacity layout will further consolidate the company’s leading market segmentation of precision structural parts for power lithium batteries. 3) The customer development is smooth, and the key customer strategy is further consolidated.The company keeps pace with the development of high-quality large customers, consolidates strategic cooperation relations, and cooperates smoothly with large domestic and foreign battery factories such as CATL, LG, Panasonic, BYD, AVIC Lithium Battery and other domestic 西安耍耍网 and foreign battery factories. 4) The company continued to strengthen its core technology and continued to expand its R & D investment.The proportion of R & D promotion in the third quarter of 2019 further increased to 5.3%, the company’s research and development focus on the battery safety field, including product safety explosion-proof, safe power failure protection and other key technical directions. 5) Performance continued to be released, and the leading profits of lithium battery structural components continued to be strong.The company also announced that the median net profit indicator for the fourth quarter of 2019 reached 88 million, an increase of more than 128%. The company has been listed on the company for three consecutive quarters. Profit forecast: The company is expected to have a net profit of 2 in 2019-2021.28, 2.79, 3.7.8 billion, with EPS of 1.08, 1.33, 1.80 yuan, corresponding PE is 29, 24, 18 times, give “Buy” rating! Risk warning: New energy vehicle sales are less than expected, and capacity expansion is less than expected
Everbright Securities (601788): Investment Banking 杭州夜网 Business Significantly Improves Net Profit for Ten Years + 66%
Key points for investment: Give full play to the Group’s linkage advantages and promote the transformation of traditional channel business to wealth management.
The scale of underwriting of stock bonds continued to rise.
Deepen the reform of the investment research system and strengthen the ability of active management.
Reasonable value range 14.
09 yuan / share, maintain “previous market” rating.
[Event]In the first half of 2019, the company realized operating income of 590,000 yuan, + 42% per year; net profit attributable to its mother was 1.6 billion yuan, + 66% per year.
In the second quarter, it realized operating income of US $ 2.4 billion, + 37% for the whole year, -29% sequentially; net profit attributable to mothers was US $ 300 million, + 23% per year, -78% sequentially.
In the second quarter, a significant increase in credit impairment losses of RMB 300 million was made.
In the first half of 2019, brokerage / investment bank / asset management / index / self-employment accounted for 24% / 14% / 7% / 13% / 34% respectively.
Give full play to the Group’s linkage advantages and improve the quality of new customers.
19H1 achieved 14 trillion brokerage income, + 12% for the whole year.
The quality of newly opened customers of the company has improved significantly compared with last year. The number of newly opened effective accounts has increased by 90% each year, and the number of newly opened high net worth customers has increased by 56% each year.
The overall performance of the two products of the “Golden Sunshine Financial Management Plan” and “Smart Gold” independently produced by the company is at the forefront of similar strategic products.
Golden Sunshine APP’s monthly activity increased to 22 from 25 last year.
Both the scale of underwriting of stock bonds increased.
In 19H1, it achieved an investment bank income of 800 million yuan, + 121% for the whole year.
The stock and debt underwriting scales are + 83% and + 35% each year, respectively.
The scale of equity underwriting was 91 trillion; 3 of them were IPOs, the scale of underwriting was 12 trillion, and 4 were refinancing, and the scale of underwriting was 1.6 billion yuan.
The scale of bond underwriting was 144 billion, ranking 7th; the scale of financial bonds and local government bonds was 27.1 billion and 12.1 billion, respectively.
There are 44 IPO reserve projects, ranking 17th, including 3 main boards, 3 small and medium boards, 8 GEM boards, and 1 science and technology board.
Deepen the reform of the investment research system and strengthen the ability of active management.
19H1 achieved asset management revenue of 4 trillion, a year + 18%.
Guangzheng Asset Management continued to strengthen investment and research capabilities and team building, and deeply cultivated active management capabilities.
As of the end of June, Guangzheng Asset Management was entrusted with a management scale of 2652 trillion, which was -8% earlier; of which, the active management scale was 1481 trillion, which was -4% earlier, accounting for 56%, and an increase of 3 percentage points earlier.
Everbright Prudential has a management scale of 900 trillion, including 224 trillion dedicated accounts.
Adjusted net investment income doubled.
19H1 realized net investment income (including changes in fair value) of 20 ‰, every + 196%.
In terms of equity investment, the quality of investment research has been comprehensively improved and better investment returns have been achieved.
In terms of fixed income investment, the position structure was optimized.
Quantitative derivatives 杭州桑拿网 business, intra-market market making, and arbitrage and hedging business achieved profit. The company’s stock investment market making business rating has remained at A level for a long time, and it has maintained a stable first-class level in the industry.
Investment suggestion: We expect the company’s total net profit for 2019-2021E to be 0.
63 yuan, net assets are 10 respectively.
08 yuan.We give it 1 of 2019.
The price-earnings ratio is 4 times, corresponding to a reasonable value range of 14.
09 yuan, maintaining the “preliminary market” rating.
Risk reminder: The transaction volume continues to decline, and the growth of the equity market causes the investment income to continue to decline.
Foreign Private Equity Admissions “Accelerate Run” Singing More A Shares Originated from Value Consensus
Our reporter, Wang Ning, recently, foreign financial institutions represented by Bridgewater Fund and Morgan Stanley frequently sang multiple A-share markets, causing great concern.
The chief private equity told reporters that behind the unanimous singing of foreign institutions, they are actually optimistic about the future development of China’s economy and expectations of China’s huge consumption potential.
As far as the capital market is concerned, A shares are still in the bottom area and have good allocation value.
Previously, foreign financial institutions were optimistic about A-share expectations, and Chinese private equity institutions continued to be optimistic about the long-term trend of the A-share market.
Structurally, growth stocks with real performance support can go further.
The pace of foreign private equity market entry has accelerated. A few days ago, Rui Dalio, the founder of the world ‘s number one hedge fund, Bridgewater, watched the Chinese market aroused market attention, and then introduced foreign exchange financial institutions to express “At this time, China (A shares)”the opinion of.
In fact, foreign private equity is optimistic about the Chinese market, not just staying on the surface, many foreign private equity have already proven their point of view with actual actions.
Bridgewater Fund’s latest disclosed second-quarter position data shows that Bridgewater is long the Chinese market-the first new entry into two Chinese ETFs.
At the same time, the latest data released by the China Fund Association shows that Fidelity, BlackRock, UBS and other internationally renowned financial institutions are actively establishing foreign-funded private equity management institutions in China.
Up to now, a total of 21 foreign institutions have registered with the association, with 46 products on file, and asset management scale of 5.4 billion yuan.
”Foreign countries are optimistic about China’s stock market, initially based on optimistic expectations of the future Chinese economy and recognition of China’s huge consumption potential.
“Xingshi Investment told reporters that China’s total economic volume may exceed the United States around 2030 and become the world’s largest economy.
With the development of China’s economy, the listed companies have huge room for growth.
At the same time, China has the largest population in the world, and the disposable income of residents and the purchasing power of residents have significantly increased, forming a huge domestic market. This is also an important reason for foreign investors to increase the consumption sector in the process of investing in A shares.
From the perspective of Heju Investment, it is not a short-term attitude for foreign financial institutions to be optimistic about the Chinese market.
Foreign countries continue to be optimistic about China’s A-shares. Restructuring is a foreign allocation of Chinese assets that does not match the size of the Chinese market and is currently in a systemic correction stage; the replacement is based on future judgments and China’s GDP growth rate remains above 6%.
Medium to high level, strong economic growth momentum, has a significant advantage over other mainstream economies.
From the perspective of A shares, the market is estimated to be at the bottom of history, and the certainty in the medium and long term is stronger.
From the perspective of multiple factors such as fundamentals, cost performance and high fluctuation risks in overseas markets, the asset allocation advantage of A shares is very significant.
At the same time, the further expansion of China’s financial market to the outside world has also provided opportunities for foreign private equity to enter China and expand its presence in China.
Xingshi Investment believes that the current A shares are still in the bottom area and have good configuration value.
Although A-shares experienced a rapid growth at the beginning of this year, but after two quarters of replacement, the current forecast level of the A-share market is still relatively relative, and the average P / E ratio of all A-shares is about 29.
7 times; average market surplus of GEM and SME board is 40.
2 times and 30.
Liu Youhua, an expert on private placement ranking network, told reporters that the most important factor in foreign A shares frequently lies in the estimation of core assets. Among them, SSE 50 and CSI 300 are global, basically belong to recession depression, and have very great investment value.
In fact, in the context of new challenges facing the global economy, China’s economic development is very competitive.
Continue to be optimistic about the long-term trend of A-shares. While foreign financial institutions frequently sing more about the Chinese market, domestic private equity is also very firm in the long-term optimism of A-shares.
Initial private equity believes that the long-term trend of the A-share market is optimistic. Structurally, growth stocks with real performance support can go further.
”From the perspective of the estimated level, the current estimated level of the A-share market is relatively speaking.
“Xingshi Investment said that it is 武汉夜生活网 structurally optimistic about medium- and high-income growth stocks.
From the perspective of long-term industrial development trends, gradual development is a consistent and unalterable direction; from the medium-term policy tone, deleveraging, the establishment of science and technology innovation boards and other financial supply-side structural reform measures have been steadily advanced to prevent and resolve financial risks.Remove obstacles to economic structural transformation and upgrading, and free up more resources and space for high-quality growth enterprises.
At the same time that domestic and foreign financial institutions are optimistic about the Chinese economy, the degree of opening up of the capital market has also continued to increase.
As far as the private equity industry is concerned, the latest statement of the China Fund Industry Association will launch four specific supporting policies to actively and steadily promote the opening up of the private equity sector: First, the actual controller of the private equity raising can be overseas regulated by overseas financial regulatory authoritiesInstitutions; the second is the clear criteria for the participation of affluent private equity funds in the interbank bond market; the third is the English language qualification test for foreign executives and investment managers of foreign private equity; the fourth is the release of foreign private equity products to participate in the “Hong Kong Stock Connect” transactionlimit.
Through the above policies, more excellent overseas fund companies and overseas professionals such as Bridgewater and Yuansheng have entered China, providing Chinese investors with more abundant and higher-quality professional products and services to promote the full development and development of the strategic fund industry.Inclusive Mission.
Mercury Home Textiles (603365): Online returns to high growth Q2 overall business quality improved
Guide to this report: After adjusting for online sales, high growth was resumed in Q2, e-commerce sales increased, overlapped offline discounts shifted, gross margins improved, and e-commerce advantages will continue to increase in the future.
Investment points: Maintain Overweight rating: The company’s products are mainly focused on the mid-end market, and it has an advantage in the industry segmentation structure and e-commerce sales. 都市夜网 It maintains an EPS of 1 in 2019-2021.
54 yuan, with reference to comparable companies in the industry, given about 18 times PE in 2019, maintaining a target price of 21.
E-commerce resumed high growth after adjustment, and offline stores changed from small to big and saw results: the company’s 19H1 revenue was 12.
7.5 billion, an increase of 9.
93%; net profit attributable to mother 1.
3.5 billion, +12 in ten years.
47%, performance is in line with expectations.
Revenue from e-commerce channels in the first half of the year 4.
66 billion (+ 9% YoY).
13%), the online channel has undergone a year of adjustment, and the organizational structure has been reorganized. In the spring and summer of 2019, new product development is more targeted, and the mid-to-high-end market layout and promotion are strengthened. The Q2 growth rate is nearly 30%.High growth rate will still be maintained.
The company’s offline channels continue to implement the strategy of changing small stores to large stores, actively encouraging the opening of more than 200 square meters of large stores, and closing inefficient alternative stores at the same time, so as to continuously improve the single store effect.
The proportion of e-commerce increased + the discount rate decreased, and the gross profit margin rebounded: the company’s gross profit margin for H1 was 37.
59%, an annual increase of 1.
72pct, reducing the increase in e-commerce sales and increasing the proportion of offline promotional items. Meanwhile, the sales structure has been continuously optimized, and the share of mid- to high-end products has increased.
Strengthen brand building and expand market segments, and flexibly adjust the advantages of e-commerce consolidation: the company through the establishment and improvement of the brand matrix, in the wedding, children’s bedding and other segments to achieve effective and rapid development, and strengthen brand awareness in the minds of consumers.
On the online front, platforms such as Tmall, Vipshop, and JD have first-mover advantages, and later joined Pinduoduo and Yunji to achieve full coverage of major e-commerce platforms.
Facing the changes in the e-commerce market, it has actively responded to the changes and demonstrated years of accumulated experience in e-commerce operations. It is expected to continue to expand market share on the basis of consolidating existing advantages in the future.
Risk warning: E-commerce sales are less than expected, and store development is less than expected.