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Are you still blindly infusion?

Are you still blindly infusion?

The three major dangers of indiscriminate infusion are you still blindly infusion? Do you know that blind infusion has some kind of harm?

Many patients who have had a stroke have often worried that the disease will recur after the operation. Every year, they go to the hospital to drip the blood vessels.

But in fact, the infusion can never evacuate the heart and brain, and the infusion is harmful to the body. The following experts explain the three major hazards of blind infusion.

Hazard 1: People with high incidence of adverse reactions always think that infusion is the most trouble-free and safest, but there is little concern about the safety of infusion.

The survey found that more than 95% of people do not know the harm of infusion and unsafe injection, more than 70% of the infusion is the expected infusion.

According to the 2012 annual report on adverse drug reaction monitoring released by the State Food and Drug Administration, the adverse reactions caused by intravenous injection accounted for 56.

7%, China Safe Injection Alliance counts more than 390,000 deaths each year due to unsafe injections.

Analysis: Oral drugs are absorbed through the stomach, filtering out unwanted or harmful substances from the body before they enter the liver.

After this process, the blood concentration is lowered, and the slenderness reduces the incidence of adverse reactions such as allergic reactions.

Intravenous infusion, oral, subcutaneous injection, intramuscular injection, etc., the drug does not pass through the natural barrier of the human body and directly enters the blood circulation, the benefits are more direct and repeated, but the incidence of adverse reactions such as allergic reactions is relatively higher, and is more likely to occur.Skeptical.

After the drug is taken orally, there is an absorption process in the human body, and the stomach can be washed when an adverse reaction occurs; the subcutaneous, intramuscular injection of the drug also needs to be injected, thus creating conditions for the first aid; and the drug directly enters the blood circulation during infusion, the bodyThe drug concentration instantly reaches toxicity, and adverse reactions occur immediately and are dangerous.

Harmful 2: Because the smallest capillaries in the human body are only 4 in diameter?
7um, often more than 4um of particles in the infusion concentration solution in the heart, lung, kidney, liver, muscle, skin and other capillaries, will lead to microvascular thrombosis, increased bleeding and venous pressure, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary fibrosis and cancer.

Microparticles may cause localized blood supply, tissue size, hypoxia, edema and inflammation, allergies, granuloma, etc.

Clinical application found that many traditional Chinese medicine preparations have large differences in preparation process, complex composition, many natural natural macromolecular substances, and different solubility of various parts of traditional Chinese medicine, it is easy to form insoluble particles, and multiple capillaries cause hypersensitivity reaction.

Analysis: Any good quality injections do not meet the ideal “zero particle” standard.

Infusion microparticles refer to tiny particle impurities contaminated by various routes during the production or use of the injection. The length is 1?
50um, is a non-metabolic harmful particle that is invisible to the naked eye and is easy to move. This is also the biggest risk factor for intravenous infusion.

The particles in the infusion have dust particles that enter the infusion with the air, cut the glass swarf generated by the sieving, the particles carried by the infusion device, the activated carbon granules added during the production process, and the crystallization of the drug.

A hospital in Beijing checked the “suspension bottle” and found that 2 ml of penicillin can be checked by adding 50% glucose solution.
There are 542 16 micron particles.

1 ml of liquid contains a lot of multi-particles, and there will be 200,000 particles in the 500 ml solution.

Hazard 3: If the infection is not strict, the operation is not standardized, the infusion contamination, etc., can cause cross infection.

Millions of patients worldwide are hospitalized every year, and tens of thousands of people are killed.

Clinically, the more drugs added to the “suspension bottle”, the more toxic and side effects, and the sharp increase in particles.

If you use 7 kinds of drugs in the “suspension bottle”, the side effects will increase by more than 50%.

Some drugs may not be properly combined, and chemical reactive precipitation may occur when entering the blood vessels.

For example, ampicillin in combination with norepinephrine can present a brown precipitate; if a large amount of vitamin C is infused, a poisoning reaction can occur.

Analyze: Intravenous infections include catheter-related infections, such as puncture sites or bloodstream infections associated with catheters, infections or contamination associated with infusion catheters.

Cross-infection occurs when the infusion set, the input liquid, the skin of the infusion site, and the nurse’s hand are contaminated.

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The wolf was eaten by the sheep

The wolf was eaten by the sheep

On the top of the mountain, the wolf ate a sheep, which was just seen by the fox. It shouted and shouted.

It was supposed to be shouted: “The sheep was eaten by the wolf!

“But there was a slip of the tongue and shouted: “The wolf was eaten by the sheep!”

“The wind blew the words of the fox all over the forest.”

  The flock heard the shouting and the spirit rose.

At the same time, he said: “I don’t know which compatriots gave us a mad breath and vie for light. It seems that the wolf is not terrible!

What are we waiting for?

Rush up and find the wolf to calculate the general ledger!

The sheep swarmed into the wolf.

  At the same time, the wolves also heard the screams of the foxes, just as they were ignorant of the six gods, a large number of red-eyed sheep rushed to the wolves.

The wolves panicked and ran away.

  The strange game in the mountains soon ended, and the sheep and wolves later learned the truth.

Each talked about his own feelings.

  The sheep said: “The news of victory may motivate the fighting spirit, and even this news is not correct.

Otherwise, how can we launch an attack and win the wolf?

“The wolf said: “We are too convinced of our ears. Otherwise, how can we suffer such a shame?

How does the autumn wind come into response to the autumn disease?

How does the autumn wind come into response to the “autumn disease”?

First, the prevention of respiratory tract infections should be avoided in the morning and evening, and the temperature difference between day and night is also increasing.

Not only has it changed rapidly and rapidly, but the overall trend of weather is gradually getting colder. Beijing has gradually entered a period of high incidence of respiratory diseases. The incidence of colds, flu, bronchitis and other diseases has started to rise.

Experts pointed out that from the emergency department of the hospital, the current high-risk population is mostly elderly and children with poor immunity.

Remind the elderly to pay attention to increase clothes when they are cold in the morning and evening. They can take a walk and exercise tai chi and other exercises to improve their resistance. However, to prevent cold after sweating, it is necessary to keep warm during exercise. The amount of exercise should be slightly sweaty.Too much sweat, let the pores gradually converge; the place of exercise should try to choose a place to avoid the wind; the weather is not suitable for exercise.

Second, the prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases turns cold in the autumn, and the blood vessels in the summer expand cold contraction, resulting in an increase in the volume of the surrounding blood vessels and an increase in blood pressure.

Moreover, the fall temperature difference in the fall causes blood pressure to rise, and it is easy to induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Experts also reminded that after the weather is cold, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, cerebral aneurysms and other diseases, patients are prone to cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction and other diseases.

Vasoconstriction may also cause insufficient blood supply to the brain, which can lead to cardiac cramps, split brain or infarction.

Experts advise that to prevent the onset of cerebrovascular disease, it is necessary to have targeted prevention. It is best to eat high-yield, nutritious foods such as lean meat, chicken, fish, milk and soy products, and eat greasy food.Smoking is limited to alcohol, generally low salt, low feces, low cholesterol.

Eating fresh vegetables is also good for reducing and stabilizing blood pressure.

If you are a hypertensive patient, you should insist on measuring your blood pressure every day and adjust the dosage according to your doctor’s advice.

If you have hypertensive patients with dizziness, dizziness, frequent cheeks on the cheeks, and local numbness, reduce animal protein intake.

Third, anti-allergic shawl masks to be on duty Spring and Autumn is the most prone to allergic diseases, and people who go out to play in the autumn season, there are more people to outdoor activities.

Therefore, every autumn, pollen (such as wormwood pollen) and valerian (commonly known as “lala seedlings”), dry air and cockroach-infected allergens induce more allergic diseases.

According to experts, the most common ones are allergic rhinitis, high blood pressure, skin allergies and other diseases.

Such as acute measles patients appear in the skin after the mosquito bites; the symptoms of allergic rhinitis patients are mainly sneezing, runny nose; patients with symptoms are mainly asthma, hernia.

Due to the pain and inconvenience caused by allergic diseases, experts remind people who have had a history of allergies and the above-mentioned diseases. If you have the conditions, you can go to the hospital allergy department, respiratory department, dermatology and other related departments to do allergen testing.
If you can clear the principle of allergy, you can do desensitization treatment.

Basically, patients with previous allergic diseases should pay attention to their own protection, avoid allergens, and avoid irritating gases and dust. For example, go out to spend flowers, especially sedge, or wear masks and shawls.

Thoroughly go to the hospital specialist, use preventive drugs in advance according to the doctor’s instructions. For example, acute patients can use aerosol spray for prevention one or two weeks in advance.

Once an allergic disease occurs, it is necessary to go to the hospital in time for anti-allergic and other corresponding treatments, and the doctor evaluates the condition and severity and formulates an appropriate treatment plan.

Fourth, anti-pharyngitis, tobacco, alcohol, spicy, less contact with pharyngitis is also one of the most common diseases this season. Some patients are even stimulated by cold air when they get up early, there will be pharyngitis, dry throat, hoarseness and even sore throat.

Experts pointed out that this is precisely because the temperature changes during the season transition, and the air is dry, the body can not adapt quickly, it is easy to develop.

In addition to pharyngitis, chronic bronchitis and hospitalized patients into the fall, due to the autumn gas will aggravate the disease, but also more likely to lead to disease recurrence.

Therefore, after the fall, special attention should be paid to protecting the respiratory system and preventing diseases such as pharyngitis.

Usually try to eat too spicy, too sweet food, eat yellow croaker, shrimp, crab and cold food, to quit smoking and alcohol.

You can eat more foods that have the effect of moistening the lungs and clearing the sound, such as pear, mangosteen, white radish and so on.

Licorice, chrysanthemum, rose, nasturtium, fat sea, sand ginseng, etc. are used for making tea, which can clear the lungs and pharynx, and relieve the liver.

Also can eat lily, Polygonatum, Ophiopogon japonicus, medlar, etc., can also be based on moisturizing effect.

You can also use the white fungus to make soup or sputum, or use yam, medlar, and wheat winter porridge to improve blood and blood and improve lung function.

Fifth, the night of sleep prevention and closing the window into the late September, the temperature difference between day and night is large.

Experts remind that this kind of weather should pay special attention to the occurrence of facial paralysis (medically called facial nerve paralysis), sleep at night, keep warm when going out by car, so as to avoid facial nerve damage and facial paralysis.

Most patients with facial paralysis are young and middle-aged. Some patients have facial paralysis after sleeping. Some patients even have facial paralysis after riding in a cooler weather.

In patients with facial paralysis, the face often has the most basic head-up, closed eyes, drums and other movements can not be completed, and some are also oblique, mouth licking and even drooling.

If the facial paralysis is not treated in time, facial nerve function recovery is not complete, there will be facial paralysis sequelae.

Therefore, experts reminded that there are facial acid, numbness, tingling, headache, pain in the ear and other issues, it is necessary to seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

In addition, prevent facial paralysis to pay attention to the face to keep warm, try to close the window when sleeping at night, avoid wind when riding.

At the same time, it is necessary to go to a crowded place to reduce the possibility of viral infection.Also avoid a cold, so as not to induce facial paralysis.

This article comes from the dream